The association between plasma miR-122-5p release pattern at admission and all-cause mortality or shock after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.
- Cardiovascular Research Unit
BACKGROUND: Data suggests that the plasma levels of the liver-specific miR-122-5p might both be a marker of cardiogenic shock and a prognostic marker of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Our aim was to characterize plasma miR-122-5p at admission after OHCA and to assess the association between miR-122-5p and relevant clinical factors such all-cause mortality and shock at admission after OHCA. METHODS: In the pilot trial, 10 survivors after OHCA were compared to 10 age- and sex-matched controls. In the main trial, 167 unconscious survivors of OHCA from the Targeted Temperature Management (TTM) trial were included. RESULTS: In the pilot trial, plasma miR-122-5p at admission after OHCA was 400-fold elevated compared to controls. In the main trial, plasma miR-122-5p at admission was independently associated with lactate and bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation. miR-122-5p at admission was not associated with shock at admission (p = 0.14) or all-cause mortality (p = 0.35). Target temperature (33 degrees C vs 36 degrees C) was not associated with miR-122-5p levels at any time point. CONCLUSIONS: After OHCA, miR-122-5p demonstrated a marked acute increase in plasma and was independently associated with lactate and bystander resuscitation. However, miR-122-5p at admission was not associated with all-cause mortality or shock at admission.