Lecture series Infection & Immunity: "Spontaneous protein crystallization as a treatable trait in asthma"- Prof Bart Lambrecht
24/09/2020 11:00 to 24/09/2020 14:00 (Europe/Luxembourg)
Mucus plugging or mucoid impaction of the airways is one of the ignored reasons for persistent airﬂow limitation in asthma, for which there are currently few therapeutic options. How exactly plug formation is initiated and maintained is an enigma. Spontaneous protein crystallization is a rare event in vivo, yet Charcot-Leyden crystals (CLC) consisting of the protein galectin-10 (Gal10) are frequently observed in asthma plugs. It is unclear if they exacerbate disease. Release of Gal10 and extracellular crystallization was associated with EEtosis of eosinophils in human primary eosinophils and patients with allergic mucin. We found that recombinant crystalline Gal10 was completely biosimilar to in vivo obtained CLCs and induced innate airway inﬂammation, whereas a soluble Gal10 engineered to resist crystallization was inert in the airways. When co-administered with harmless antigens, only crystalline Gal10 stimulated adaptive immunity, Th2 sensitization, goblet cell metaplasia and airway eosinophilia. Transgenic mice engineered to overexpress human Gal10 in eosinophils (Galileo mice) or ubiquitously (Galactic mice) had enhanced features of asthma including mucus plugging and bronchial hyperreactivity. CLCs recruited neutrophils, which subsequently underwent NETosis. To probe for the druggability of this pathway, we generated a panel of antibodies. Antibodies directed against key epitopes of the crystallization interface of Gal10 dissolved pre-existing CLC in patient-derived mucus within hours, and reversed crystal driven inﬂammation, goblet cell metaplasia, IgE synthesis and bronchial hyperreactivity in a humanized asthma model and Galileo mice. Thus, Gal10 and CLC promote mucus formation and inﬂammation in asthma and can be targeted by crystal dissolving antibodies.
11:00 - 12:00 : LECTURE
Lycée Guillaume Kroll Salle de projection audiovisuelle
12:30 - 14:00 : 'meet & eat'
House of BioHealth
Annex of Canteen
Registration required for the Lecture & 'Meet & Eat' - send us an email.
About the Lecture & Workshop series - Infection & Immunity
The LIH Lecture Series and Workshops in Infection and Immunity, supported by the FNR, are gathering internationally recognised speakers to address topics around Infection and Immunity. Lectures will be organised, followed by workshops especially dedicated to early-stage researchers. Please find here the programme for 2020.
Attendance to the lectures and workshops are free of charge. Should you be interested in registering for the workshops, please feel free to do so by sending us an email.